CAIRO- is the capital of Egypt and houses one of the oldest civilizations in the world. Cairo is the largest city in Africa. Founded in AD 969, Cairo was to serve as the royal enclosure for the Fatimid caliphs.
The Great Pyramid of Giza (also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops) is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza pyramid complex bordering what is now El Giza, Egypt. It is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one to remain largely intact.
It is just a few hours bus ride ( more or less 3 hours) away from Alexandria.
The great Sphynx.